Samogon is a traditional Russian drink, which is prepared independently at home. Moonshine is a kind of art. The Arsenal of the manufacturer a huge number of various recipes and a huge variety of ingredients. All this allows to get a unique drink with a unique taste and aroma. But the drink to get a high quality, you need not only to be able to cook, but know how to clean the brew. How to make cleansing a home from moonshine fusel oils.
What is fusel oil and where they are in the moonshine
Excessive content of fusel oils in the brew can be dangerous for the body
Ether or fusel oil is a by — product of fermentation of raw materials. This toxic substance having an oily Foundation and with an unpleasant specific odor. In the composition of oils contained: acetone, acetyl, isoamyl alcohol, acetaldehyde and other harmful substances. Excessive amounts of toxic contaminants contained in the moonshine after distillation, leads to intoxication and severe hangover.
But at the same time, the content of essential oils gives the uniqueness and originality of the beverage determines the organoleptic quality. Without those oils any alcohol is just alcohol with water.
Therefore, to get a drink of delicious and high quality it is important to remove poisonous impurity, and save all harmless substances.
Methods of cleaning
Cleaning of the brew is important and a mandatory step to obtain a first-class drink. In the history of home brewing there are many ways of purification of moonshine from malicious fusel oils. Below are the most popular methods of removal of fusel oils from the brew.
A simple way is cleansing spirits potassium permanganate. For this brew diluted to a consistency of 40% of the fortress. The manganese crystals are thoroughly dissolved in water to obtain a slightly colored solution, at the rate of 2 grams per 1 liter. Then you need to pour the prepared mixture in a bottle of vodka, mix well and leave for 10-12 hours. After the drink will be lighter and the bottom will fall out sediment, the liquid shall be filtered through a folded in several layers of cheesecloth.
Important! In the process of getting rid of fusel oils not to use utensils made of metal.
Cleaning of coal is one of the most popular methods, as it has the property to absorb contaminants and remove odors.
This coal can cook yourself or buy in the store ready. Then grind, fill the container with alcohol and mix thoroughly. For 1 liter of drink is recommended to take 50g. coal. Infuse for 7 days, stirring continuously. After the process of sedimentation, drained from the sediment and filtered.
There is another method of purification is activated carbon, which is an excellent sorbent and its use for the manufacture of the filter. For this purpose the cloth or gauze to be rolled in several layers, between the layers to make the cotton and the crushed activated carbon. Using such a filter to skip the moonshine. To use this method is better in an additional way.
Biological treatment of fusel oils produced with the help of dairy products (yogurt or low-fat milk), egg whites and rye bread.
Cleansing using milk product is carried out by infusion in the proportion: a glass of milk for a liter of moonshine. The mixture was thoroughly stirred and placed in a dark place. Within 7 days you need every day to mix. As a result, all contaminants will precipitate in the form of flakes. Once that happens, the drink should be removed from the precipitate, filter through activated carbon. This will give the drink a special softness. Then make a second distillation, pre-diluted to 40%.
Purification of egg whites in the same way as milk. 1 liter is taken two whipped to a froth protein. The mixture pour in the moonshine, to defend before the advent of the flakes pass through the filter and re-overtake.
After the second distillation, the drink is filtered using rye bread. This method is used in combination with cleansing milk, or as an independent method. In this procedure, the bread is crushed, mixed with moonshine, settles for 2-3 days. Then is decanted and filtered. For processing liters of fluid should 100gr. bread.
Important! For purification by this method it is advisable to use fresh bread, in order to avoid the unpleasant taste.
So asto get a clean and fragrant drink, some manufacturers of distillation before use the methods of clarification and purification of Braga from fusel oils.
One of the most common ways is to clean with baking soda. For this you need the baking soda mixed with water in proportion 1:1, hoping that for every 10 litres of feedstock need 10 grams of product. The solution is poured into the container with the Mead, allow to stand for about 30 minutes. Then stir and place in a dark place for 12 hours. Then remove from the sediment, to pass through the filter.
Tannins is tannic acid, possessing tanning properties and astringent taste. They are in the bark, leaves, and fruits of many plants. A large number of tannins contains the following plants:
Tannin is used for purification of harmful impurities and improve the taste. To implement this procedure, 10 grams. tannin powder or shavings from oak wood is poured into 1 liter of liquid to be treated and insist 10 days, then filtered and ready to drink.
Freezing is a very affordable and easy way. The fact is that when you freeze in the freezer, all the contaminants, sediment and water freeze and remain on the vessel walls. It remains only to pour the alcohol into another container and then it can be filtered by any known method and diluted to the desired fortress, as after freezing of water, the strength of the brew increases.
The coal production column filter with your hands
Good results can be obtained passing the brew through a carbon column filter. This method provides a high degree of purification and does not require the use of additional methods. To make it independently:
- You need to prepare charcoal. For these purposes, you can use any coal, which does not contain any impurities. The coal must be crushed to make a powder and small pieces.
- Take two or three liter plastic bottle, cut the bottom and drill it 6-7 small holes at equal distances from each other. In the lid of the bottle to drill a hole of larger diameter.
- To collect design you need in this order: in a glass jar inserted a bottle upside down, which is filled with prepared small pieces of coal by one-third, on top of the coal is overlaid at the bottom with holes and pressed so that the coal does not pop up.
Untreated beverage to pour in the rest of the bottle. Through the hole in the lid, the brew after filtration, will drain into the jar. On output it will be mixed with coal to be removed in the next step. If there was a blockage and the passage of the liquid through the bottle slows down or stops completely, you can gently squeeze the bottle or unscrewing the cap, clean the hole. Moonshine must pass through this filter 2-3 times.
After that, the container with vodka pour the remaining coal powder, at the rate of 40 gr. per litre, mix well, cover and leave for 2 days. After all the coal falls to the bottom you can proceed to further cleaning.
To deliver a drink from the remnants of the coal and make it transparent, you need the same bottle and close the lid again to drop it in a jar down the neck, fill with cotton wool and pour the brew in small portions. The extent of contamination of cotton wool to change her clean. After the procedure drink is cleaned and ready to use.
Important! When storing alcohol do not use plastic utensils, because, during prolonged storage plastic comes in contact with alcohol and begins to produce harmful substances.