Winemaking is an art, in which the value of all the stages of preparation of the drink. On the final taste of wine is influenced by a combination of factors: some were used a variety of berries, using what technology was carried out the preparation of the drink, what other ingredients were used. It is also important to know when to pick grapes for wine. Collected on time by all the rules of the harvest will preserve the taste, nutrients and share them with homemade alcohol.
How to keep wild yeast?
Almost all of the simple recipes of the wine refers to the use of wild yeasts that live on the surface of grapes. Aktiviziruyutsya wild yeast during fermentation, without them, the wort will not ferment or, even worse, may turn into a berry vinegar. That’s why grapes before use do not wash, not to remove it together with the large water content of natural yeast cultures.
How to harvest to maintain high wild yeast on the berries:
- The grapes for the wine is not made in the rain, and several days after. Rainwater washes away the essential yeast shell with berries. For the emergence of new yeast will take some time.
Note! If the summer and early autumn was too rainy, you should be the leaven in the case of natural yeast will be missed.
- Berries not harvested early morning and late evening, when dew drops actively. Also the grapes are not going into the fog. Grapes can deteriorate during storage of the crop, because putrefactive processes aktiviziruyutsya after placing the brushes in a warm place. Just a few spoiled berries quickly rot spread decay to healthy adjacent fruit.
- Wild yeast are whitish bloom on the shell of the berries. To avoid damage to the RAID, each bunch cut with garden scissors or secateurs. Brush care is taken in cutting not to damage the valuable patina.
- It is better to collect grapes in a bucket, as does the majority, and to put each bunch in a flat container.
Fold the grapes are best in shallow drawers
Sweet or sour
To assign the timing of the grape harvest, it is necessary to determine what wine it will be used.
Berries should not be too ripe, but unripe fruits to collect is also not recommended. Great importance is the area where the vines grow. Residents of countries with hot dry climates are more likely to use weak light wine with a slight degree made from table grapes. The alcohol content will depend on what kind of grapes used: sweet varieties are more strong wine. The more sugar in the berry juice, the degree of fault in the fortress above. Because of strong wine, the southerners don’t like, they start the harvest without waiting for full maturity.
Note! Clusters that have just started to ripen, but has not yet reached full maturity, I believe “technically” Mature. Technical maturity is characterized by certain indicators of the sweetness and acidity of the berries.
Sweet wines made from grapes at the peak of maturity. The inhabitants of the middle band prefer sweet and semi-sweet wines are made from ripe grapes. When to pick grapes for wine in the middle lane? It is important to harvest, as the berries become overripe quickly, you lose the desired acid. If the berries are not enough to sugar, the process is added sugar, but fruit acids to replace this with anything will not work.
How to determine when to harvest grapes? Professionals use a special instrument to make a measurement to determine the acidity and sweetness in the berries. Home winemakers, we recommend the following method. 2-3 weeks before the time when it is planned to collect berries, try every day to taste the fruits collected from different vines. When the sweetness becomes constant, without increase, to taste the pulp and juice will not be too acidic, and acidity is falling, it is time to harvest.
The appearance of berries is also an indicator of maturity. In white cultivars the berries acquire a transparency, the skin will become thin. When to harvest blue grape wine? If the color of the fruit is saturated, and the skin will darken, it is already possible to collect red varieties.
When harvested the grapes in the Krasnodar region?
Krasnodar is considered to be a favorable place for growing grapes of different varieties. When Krasnodar Krai began to collect grapes for wine? Early fruit is harvested from mid July to early August. The first maturing varieties “Pearls of Saba”, by mid-August starts the harvest of the variety Chasselas. The active collection begins in mid September and lasts until late autumn. The last harvested grape “Tayfi pink”.
In what weather to gather grapes for wine? The must ferments at room temperature. A suitable temperature for fermentation of wine – 20-22 degrees. The grapes are harvested at the same temperature. It is not recommended to harvest in the Sunny hot afternoon. Better get to work in the morning or evening, at a comfortable temperature of 20 degrees.
To process the berries immediately after harvest. If you do a mash of warm berries, it will quickly ferment, after which there will be a lot of unprocessed fruit sugar. If you harvest at a lower temperature, it must lie in a warm room, otherwise the wort because of the cold wine may take longer to ferment.
Industrial beverage made from selected ripe raw materials, are among the most expensive. At home selective cutting will allow to get a quality drink. At home you can put to ferment the wine at a convenient time, so it is recommended to choose just any grapes left to ripen unripe berries.
Can we gather grapes in the wine after the rain? No, immediately after rain the crop is not harvested. Better to wait a few days and then start collecting.
To gather grapes needed dry weather (after a rain you need to wait a few days)
How to cut grapes?
How to collect grapes for wine? To cut the bunches carefully to avoid damaging the yeast bloom. Each bunch holds the bottom, so as not to crush the berries. To gather the grapes used special tools: garden scissors, sharp pruning shears.
Cut the entire bunch. If you pick individual berries, the remaining bunch can swoop wasps or birds. They can ruin not only a separate brush, but the entire crop.
Note! Proper harvesting and storage of crops depends on which flavor to get homemade wine.
The harvest time depends on the specific species of plants. In the post-Soviet countries got more and more popular cultivar Isabella. This variety has high productivity, however, he is not afraid of frosts, resistant to many diseases that attack pests. The grade is fairly undemanding, it does not require special attention, which undoubtedly attracts many gardeners. Isabella – table-technical grapes that prefer to eat not only fresh, but also used home-made wine.
When is the best time to pick grapes Isabella for making homemade wine? Depending on the locus, Isabella harvested with a spread of 30-40 days. What is the proper time of gathering grapes, the Isabella, designed for the wine? Southerners begin to harvest in late September, residents of Central – early to mid October. Some growers leave the grapes until November, so they were poured by sweet juice. But it is important to have time to harvest before the first frost.
When you can cut the grapes Isabella wine? You should know that the degree of maturation is determined not only by appearance. Winemakers know that the berries can be collected when they begin to exude a distinctive berry flavor.
When to collect technical varieties of grapes?
When to harvest the Cabernet grapes for wine? The technical grade, which is known for the Cabernet, harvested at temperatures below 16 degrees and above 20 degrees. Some wines are made from grapes which have reached their technical maturity before the frost, but was collected was going after. However, keep in mind that frozen berries green should not be used as a wine.
Technical grades are going to completely, not left on the vines unripe part of fruit. As soon as the acidity level and sugar content will reach desired parameters, cut off the entire crop. The full fee applies in that case, if the vineyard is perfectly healthy. With the defeat of parasites or disease to collect the brush should be selectively, selecting only the healthy berries.
How to pick grapes for ice wine?
Special wine is special grapes. Ice wine is “ice wine” made from fruit, which were collected after the first frost. Winemakers have to take too many risks, leaving the brush on the vine. The cold should occur sharply, only under this condition, the berries can be used for making ice wine. Typically, in our climate, long season in which the harvest can be lost.
If the winemakers produced the raw materials for ice wine, they will receive a unique alcoholic product that is appreciated worldwide for its originality and uniqueness.
The grapes for the wine Eiswein harvested after frost
Many growers bred a grape variety “Lydia”. The wine from it is fragrant, delicious, with the original strawberry notes. Its distinctive taste of the grapes “Lydia” compares favorably with other varieties. The main advantage of “Lydia” is the time of gestation is about 160 days.
When to harvest the grapes here for wine? Most often he is going in mid-October. It is in the middle of autumn berries fill with desired juice acidity and sugar content. The fruits are not harvested early in the morning when the dew drops. How many days after a rain you can pick grapes for wine? You should wait at least 2-3 days, and then start collecting. Immediately before harvest stop all work on the ground, so as not to soil the grapes. It is known that fruits are not washed before cooking wines.
Consequences of early collection
When you need to collect grapes for homemade wine? Often, gardeners make the mistake and harvest too soon, either. With experience they learn from their mistakes, but every beginner gardener needs to know about the consequences of early berries.
We all know that early harvest contributes to the loss of large amounts of grapes. Grapes harvested early, have virtually no shelf life and begin to deteriorate immediately. You should not rely on the fact that unripe grapes will Dospat assembled. In addition, premature harvesting have a negative impact on the entire vine, which later will Mature much worse.
Many are beginning to harvest early for the reason that the appearance of berries suggests that they will not have time to ripen before the first frost. In this case, you should do the following:
- Remove all the leaves that cover the grapes from the sunlight.
- To stop the watering.
- Not to add fertilizer and top dressing.
All of the above methods should help to accelerate the ripening of the bunches.
The grapes is a responsible and serious event. From how it is harvested, depends on the further quality of the wine, so the harvest of grapes should be taken seriously. Premature or, conversely, early harvest can ruin a large part of the crop. To collect the grapes are very carefully, carefully, considering the climate and weather conditions. Only in this case from harvest to home, you can make a good and tasty wine.